2018 - Present

#safetywork manual

#safetywork manual is a collaborative durational spoken word performance. Several male identifying performers stand in the gallery space wearing nude tights and high heels for the duration of the piece with their bodies, their fatigue, and discomfort on display. Throughout the performance, they recite from a small paper pamphlet entitled #safetywork manual, a poetic instruction of the work that women do to protect themselves from sexual harassment and assault.

The content of the manual was curated by a group of Black female identifying women that live, work, and study in the Orono community. Together they discussed and created the 15-foot banner that hangs in the space, accompanies the performance, and instructs women how to protect themselves against harassment, assault or abuse based on the work that they do to protect themselves in the workplace, their homes, and localities. The aesthetic, orientation, and language were solely determined by the female collaborators; they decided how best to articulate their safety work.

This particular collaborative approach could be adapted to any community. It is entirely reflective of the space in which it is created, and by the individuals who collaborate to bring it to fruition.

Brown Paper Bag Test

2018 / multi-site installation

University of Maine Black History Month

  • Estabrooke Hall
  • Fogler Library
  • Innovative Media Research & Commercialization Center
  • New Balance Recreation Center
  • Memorial Union
  • Nutting Hall
  • Wells Dining Commons

In observation of Black History Month portraits of Women of Color are suspended in seven public locations across the University of Maine. Accompanying each installation location is an a respective webpage housing the narratives of the photographed women recounting their experiences with hair politics, colorism, and their identity.  

Paper bags were once used as a point of comparison to determine which slaves would work as field slaves, and which would be house slaves, with favor given to the fair-skinned. These were often women who were required to raise the master's children and keep the home, as well as serve as mistresses. This resulted in the birth of additional light-skinned children who would also serve as slaves.

The paper bag test continued within Black communities long after slavery was abolished. These standards of beauty are still perpetuated both interracially and interracially through media, popular culture, and in educational and professional settings, and define contemporary forms of colorism. Colorism is defined as discrimination towards individuals based on the shade of their skin, typically between members of the same race.

Photography by Eleanor Kipping